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英语四六级 CET 4/6

英语四级翻译必备200词,写作也用得到!

浏览次数:632次 发布时间:2020/8/21 10:58:53 【关闭】 字体: 

  分类话题词汇

  

  一、历史文化类

  

  …的基石 the cornerstone of

  

  为了纪念…  in memory of sb, to the memory of sb, commemorate

  

  以...命名 be named after

  

  构成 constitute;make up

  

  必不可少的  essential, indispensable, fundamental

  

  古代 (in) ancient times

  

  随着时间的推移 as time goes by

  

  悠久的历史  with a long history,have a long history

  

  深远的影响  profound/significant  influence/impact 、

  

  大量 a large number of; a multitude of; a great many

  

  影响 affect;  impact;influence

  

  …的象征  the symbol of

  

  追溯到  date back to, trace back to

  

  起(来)源于  be originated from/in;derive from

  

  兴盛于 prosper in

  

  社会地位  social status

  

  据记载    according to historical records

  

  文化交流 cultural exchange

  

  各地差异很大 vary from region to region(place to place)

  

  风俗习惯  customs

  

  传统节日  traditional festivals

  

  传统手工艺 traditional handicrafts

  

  民间艺术  folk art

  

  色彩丰富 ... in rich colours

  

  风格独特 unique style

  

  享誉全球 be very famous throughout the world

  

  笔墨纸砚  writing brush, ink stick, paper, and ink stone

  

  封建社会 feudal society

  

  皇帝 emperor

  

  宗教信仰  religious beliefs

  

  思想学派 school of thought

  

  思想核心 the core of the ideology

  

  代表人物 representative

  

  文学作品 literary works

  

  儒家思想 Confucianism

  

  儒家文化 Confucian culture

  

  道家 Daoism

  

  法家 Legalism

  

  传统美德 traditional virtues

  

  尊敬老人 respect the elderly

  

  尊老爱幼 respect the old and love the young

  

  礼物馈赠 give presents

  

  脚踏实地  be down-to-earth

  

  道德  morality

  

  二、自然风光类

  

  享有…的声誉 enjoy a high reputation for...

  

  蓬勃发展 boom;flourish;thrive

  

  被誉为 be honored/crowned as

  

  占据重要地位 occupy a significant place; play a significant role

  

  与…密不可分 be closely associated with

  

  增进友谊 enhance friendship

  

  位于、坐落于  be located in/at

  

  雄伟壮观  magnificent/glorious/spectacular

  

  海拔 above sea level

  

  幅员辽阔 have a vast territory

  

  距离...公里  ** kilometers away from...

  

  水域面积 water area

  

  发源于 originate in

  

  发祥地 birthplace

  

  诞生地 cradle

  

  流经 run through

  

  注入 empty into

  

  古代文明 ancient civilization

  

  繁荣地区 prosperous region

  

  栖息地 habitat

  

  宏大 splendid, grand

  

  气候湿润/温暖/干燥/温和  moist/warm/dry/mild climate

  

  干旱 drought

  

  风景独特  unique scenery

  

  蜿蜒 wind through

  

  传奇神秘 legendary and mystery

  

  稀有的  scarce, rare

  

  自然景色 natural beauty/scenery

  

  丝绸之路  the Silk Road

  

  文化遗迹  cultural heritage

  

  文物古迹  cultural relics and historic sites

  

  保存最完好的 best-preserved

  

  濒危物种  endangered species

  

  景点  scenic site

  

  旅游景点/目的地  tourist spots;tourist destination

  

  度假 take a vacation

  

  开阔视野  broaden one’s horizon

  

  翻山越岭 climb mountains and hills

  

  三、饮食文化&传统佳节

  

  探亲访友 pay a visit to relatives and friends

  

  扫尘 sweep the dust

  

  买年货 buy necessity for Spring Festival

  

  欢度 celebrate... / the celebration of

  

  驱除厄运 get rid of bad luck

  

  年夜饭 the dinner on New Year's Eve

  

  团圆饭 family reunion dinner

  

  团聚  family reunion

  

  红包   red envelope

  

  发红包 hand out red envelopes

  

  美好祝福 good wishes, blessings

  

  中国菜  Chinese cuisine/food

  

  饮食文化 food culture

  

  色香味  color, aroma, and taste

  

  菜系  cooking style

  

  烹饪方法  cooking technique

  

  传统习俗 traditional custom

  

  象征  symbolize/signify

  

  团结 unity

  

  繁荣兴旺 prosperity

  

  仪式  ritual

  

  礼仪 manners

  

  优雅 elegance/elegant

  

  农历  lunar calendar

  

  灯谜  lantern riddles

  

  赏月 enjoy the moon;注意欣赏景色的赏,一般用enjoy

  

  四、社会发展

  

  近年来 in recent years;  over the last few years

  

  随着…的发展/提高 with the development/improvement of…

  

  出现 emergence;rise;advent

  

  显著地 dramatically

  

  极大地 greatly; significantly;tremendously;dramatically

  

  稳步(地) steadily;stably

  

  增长 increase;rise;grow

  

  调查显示 according to surveys:surveys show that

  

  商品 commodity

  

  付款 make a payment;pay a bill

  

  成本/费用/开支 cost

  

  增长率 growth rate

  

  可持续发展  sustainable development

  

  最发达地区 the most developed regions

  

  面积和人口   size and population

  

  聚集区 gathering area

  

  改革开放 reform and opening up

  

  主要经济区域 leading regional economies

  

  制造中心 manufacturing centers

  

  主要交通工具 main means of transportation

  

  具有…的优点 have the advantages of…

  

  高铁   high-speed train

  

  地铁站 subway station

  

  公共交通 public transport

  

  见证 witness

  

  超过 exceed

  

  费用 expense

  

  基础设施 infrastructure

  

  生活水平 living standard

  

  平均收入 average income

  

  购买力 purchasing power

  

  网购  online shopping

  

  电商巨头 e-commerce giants

  

  打折 give/offer a discount

  

  用现金/信用卡付款 pay by cash/credit card

  

  快递 express delivery

  

  消费方式 pattern of consumption

  

  消除贫困   alleviate poverty/poverty alleviation

  

  跟团游   package tour

  

  自由行   independent travel

  

  社会保障 social security

  

  就业 employment

  

  外出务工人员 migrant workers

  

  理财 Financial management,manage finance

  

  五、科技教育

  

  通信网络 communication network

  

  快速发展   fast/rapid/rocketing development/growth

  

  阅读方式  way of reading; reading habit

  

  因此  as a result; consequently

  

  移动支付 mobile payment

  

  手机购物 mobile shopping;shopping on mobile phones

  

  拓宽 broaden; expand; enlarge

  

  考研热 post-graduate mania

  

  竞争激烈 fierce competition

  

  考研 take the entrance exams for postgraduate schools

  

  必修课 compulsory course

  

  专业课 specialized course

  

  课外活动  extracurricular activities

  

  自我修养  self-cultivation

  

  改善设施  improve facilities

  

  专注于  be devoted to

  

  不遗余力  spare no effort/do one’s best

  

  因材施教  individualized quality education

  

  过度依赖  overreliance/overdependence on; rely too heavily on

  

  人工智能   artificial intelligence(AI)

  

  人脸识别   facial recognition

  

  高等教育 higher education

  

  网络课程 online course

  

  在线学习 online learning

  

  教育公平 education equality

  

  智能手机用户 smartphone user

  

  电子设备 electronic device

  

  对...上瘾 be addicted to...

  

  虚拟世界 virtual world

  

  新兴的 emerging

  

  网民 netizen

  

  发展潜力 development/ growth potential;potential to develop/grow

  

  创新 innovation

  

  即时通讯 instant communication

  

  兼职 part-time jobs

  

  积累经验 accumulate experience

  

  减负 reduce study load

  

  早恋 puppy love

  

  预测 predict;forecast

  

  便于携带 be easy to carry; portable

  

  六、医疗健康

  

  趋势 a trend, tendency

  

  肥胖  obesity

  

  慢性病 chronic disease

  

  快走  fast walking

  

  生活方式 lifestyle

  

  健身   bodybuilding

  

  器官捐献  organ donation

  

  捐献  donate

  

  老年人 the elderly; the aged; senior citizens

  

  忽视 neglect; ignore; overlook

  

  延缓衰老 slow down aging

  

  症状 symptom

  

  体检 physical examination

  

  鼓励 encourage;stimulate

  

  骑行  cycling

  

  共享经济  sharing economy

  

  雾霾  haze/smog

  

  红色预警  red alert

  

  食品安全  food safety

  

  空气污染  air pollution

  

  导致 cause; result in; lead to; give rise to

  

  有助于 help(to)

  

  治愈 cure/heal

  

  交通拥堵 traffic congestion

  

  节能环保  energy saving and environmental protection

  

  社交 socializing; social interactions


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