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托福口语独立题观点拓展方法

浏览次数:2926次 发布时间:2019/9/21 10:16:04 【关闭】 字体: 

小编今天为大家分享两种托福口语独立题观点拓展方法。希望在大家的备考过程中或者进行套题模考的过程中能起到一定的作用,加快观点构思,减少对口语的恐惧感。

 

拓展方法一:具体分析法

 

所谓具体分析法,意思就是在一些话题上,大家可以从话题中心的某一个细节去发展,而不是笼统的从一个很大的概念出发去进行观点构思,这样就可以做到具体问题具体分析,并且有一定的内容可以辅助大家进行表达。

 

例如在Talk about a study habit of yours that is different from others这道题目中,我们可以看到我们要围绕的话题中心为study habit(学习习惯),不同于他人的学习习惯,考生看到话题立即从最原生态的学习习惯开始:记笔记、向老师问问题、仔细检查或是和同学交流。这里,我们并不是说这样的话题不好,但确实不够新颖。此外,考生会发现很难再有更具体的观点能够将话题继续下去,因为我们把话题放在了一个很大的平台上——学习。学习是一个特别抽象的词,要把一个非常抽象的概念说具体,难度是非常大的。

 

那我们可否来具体分析学习这个词呢?对于备考托福的考生来说,我们最近都在学英语呀。特别是对于正在备考口语的同学来说,大家在练习英语口语,那我们能否把学习习惯这个词具体化起来,What is study habit? -- It can be oral English studying habit. 这样我们就把学习习惯具体化起来了,学习英语口语的习惯是否要比学习习惯好拓展很多呢?那我们可以很快地想到这样一个方法:Recording。这是在很多口语课上都会有的活动之一,然后比较recording对于oral English的帮助,是否要容易很多呢?

 

A study habit of yours: It is recording when I practice speaking English.

 

The reason that it is different from others: It is because of the fact that most of the students will merely read the material or write down and try to recite them.

 

Benefits of recording:

1. check grammar and pronunciation mistakes

2. be aware of the intonation and make ajustment

 

有了以上三个点,我们可以这样进行描述:

The study habit of mine is that when I learnt to practice speaking English, I would record what I said down into my mobile phone. It is a way that is totally different from others who will, for most of the time, merely read the material or write down and try to recite them. I suppose that recoring is a good method which helps me to check all my grammar and pronunciation mistakes. So consequently, when I speak English, I will try to pay attention to these problems. What’s more, when I record them down, I am able to be aware of my intonation changes and make some adjustment to make it more like native speaking.

 

拓展方法二:头脑风暴法

 

这里的头脑风暴法,我们也可以说成是联想法。我们需要去说一些抽象话题的时候,能否把有关话题的各个方面都联想到,或者说我们是否能够至少联想到两个话题的相关点呢?例如工作满意度这样的话题,大家是否能够想到各方面跟工作相关的要素呢:leader / working environment/ colleague / salary / responsibility / position等等。

 

例如这道题目:Some people prefer to shop in big shopping malls while others prefer smaller shops. 从话题看,大家应该能够很快看到关键词——shop。那如何在最快的时间内构造两个想法呢?这里,大家能否很快的对shop进行头脑风暴呢?和它有关的方面有哪些呢?Shop--shop assistant/ service/ products/ quality/ on sale/ exchange / price/ entertainment /parking等等。

 

只要大家能够较快的想出两个方面,那观点就很好构造了。从大商场的角度出发:

Shop assistant--warm / have good service / know more about a typical product

 

Product--various choices/ good quality / finish buying all the necessary things at one place

 

On sale--goods will sometimes on sale, so the price can be relatively lower

 

Exchange--if the product’s got any problem, it can be exchanged easier

 

Entertainment--in addition to buy goods, people can watch movie or have a dinner in the shopping mall

 

Parking--it owns private parking space

 

这样一来,我们根据其中任意两个点就可以进行话题构造了:

 

I’m the kind of person who prefers to shop in the big shopping malls. Firstly, I suppose that the products in the big shopping malls are more guaranteed. I mean, most of the brands in the big shopping mall are well known by the public and it is likely that the goods in the big shopping malls will be updated more quickly as more people will buy them. In addition, as a young people, I like big shopping malls because when I try to buy something, I will try some other entertainments, like watching movies and eat those food in the restaurant. All these things are possible for me only shopping in one big shopping mall and never going out. So that is why I prefer the big shopping mall.

 

对于这两种话题拓展方法,希望考生们在备考和考试的时候都能够适当应用,这样能帮助大家节省很多时间,并且可以保证大家的观点会比较新颖。小编就介绍到这里啦!


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